Round Rock (Texas)
Round Rock, a city in Texas, is located in Travis and Williamson districts, and belongs to the Austin-RoundRock metropolis. The city is approximately 30 kilometers from the center of Austin, which borders the state 45 motorway.
|History and geography|
|Previous names||Brushy Creek|
|Center Height||224 m|
|Time zone||UTC-6:00, summer UTC-5:00|
|Population||99,887 people (2010)|
|Phone code||+1 512, 737|
|Postal Indexes||78664, 78665, 78680—78683|
|Media files on Wikimedia Commons|
In August 2008, the Money Magazine ranked Roundrock as one of the best small towns to live in, placing it in seventh place. On July 1, 2009, Roundh Rock was named CNN the country's second-highest growth rate, which was 8.2% the previous year.
Round Rock has one of the best school systems in the state. Of the 42 schools in the district, 12 have the highest rating, and 11 have the second highest quality.
The city is the headquarters of Dell. About 16,000 people work in the company's office in the city. The emergence of this and other large employers, a strong economic program, low taxes, and the presence of large shops (including IKEA) in the city have transformed it from a dormitory to a self-sufficient "super suburb."
Round Rock and Williamson County have been inhabited by people since at least 9200 BC. It is established that the first people in the region appeared at the end of the playstocene (ice age), and are connected with the culture of Clovis. The evidence was obtained from excavations between Georgetown and Fort Hood. One of the remaining skeletons was named "Lianderthal Lady" in honor of the period of residence and the nearby town of Liander. The excavation site, located about 6 kilometers from Roundt-Rock, was accidentally chosen after officials from the Texas Transportation Department found valuable discoveries during a test drilling for the new highway. The site has been studied for many years, the age of the carbon samples at this site is related to the Pleistocene era, in the period about 10,500 years ago (8,500 BC). Archeological findings from the archaic period were found in different parts of the district, mostly along waterways, including the Brashi Creek stream in Roundt Rock and the San Gabriel River in Georgetown, 15 kilometers north. A large amount of data, such as silicon tools and other relics, was obtained from the study of the heaps found on these sites during excavation. The first scientifically known Indians of Texas, the Tonkawa tribe, worked as silicon guns and ran a buyvol's hiking, periodically setting fire to prairies to help hunt. In the 18th century, they started raising horses and using firearms. Also, by the arrival of the first English-speaking settlers, a small number of tribesmen of the Kayowa, Jojuana lived in the district, Tawakoni and Meyaye. After the white settlements displaced these tribes, they were replaced by commandos who carried out raids in the colony until the 1860s. By the end of XIX century all Indian tribes left central Texas.
As the English-speaking population developed, good roads appeared in the area, some of which were later paved. One of the roads through Roundhock was called "Double File Trail" because it was wide and allowed two riders to disperse. The road was part of a longer route that crossed the San Gabriel River in Georgetown, Brashi Creek in Round Rock, and the Colorado River in Austin. One of the junior schools in Roundhock bears the name of this route.
In 1851, a small community was formed on the banks of the Brashi Creek stream, near a large round stone. This stone pointed to a convenient crossing for vans, horses and cattle. Initially, the community was called Brashi, but in 1854 the small settlement was renamed Roundhock in honor of the famous stone. After the civil war, an Indian guide and trader, Jess Chizholm, began moving herds from southern Texas to Abilin through a crossing near a stone. Later his journey was named the road Chisholm Trail. Several old buildings, such as the Hotel Saint Charles, have been preserved on this street. This part of Roundrock is also called the Old Town.
Sam Bass Time
On July 19, 1878, Roundh Rock was the scene of a firefight that resulted in the capture and death of the famous train robber Sam Bass by the Texas mounted police branch. Rangers chased Bass and his gang after robbing a train heading from Fort Worth to Cleburne. For the locals, it was a very significant event, which they called "Sam Bass's firefight." Every year on July 4, Old Settlers Park is staged for this shooting. Sam Bass is buried in the Roundhock cemetery, in the northwest of the Old Town, in honor of Sam Bass is named the road on which the cemetery is located, and his gravestone can be found at the exhibition in the public library of Roundh Rock.
Cotton became a major income item in the region at the beginning of the 20th century. Cotton, grape and other crops were mainly located east of the current I-35 motorway. To the west of the Balcones fracture were ranches that raised cows, sheep, and, to a lesser extent, goats. Due to its successful geographical location in the black-and-dark prearies of Texas, Roundhock was one of the most successful cotton growers in the region. Land and climate contributed to a rich crop harvest. The harvested cotton harvest was taken to Taylor east of Roundt Rock, where mechanized cotton cleaning was carried out, after which cotton was sent by train for further processing and use. After the railway was carried to Austin, cotton started processing there. At present, cotton and livestock production are still prevalent in the area east of Rind Rock, although the scale of these activities has declined significantly.
Association of Old Settlers
On 27 August 1904, some time after the end of the civil war, a group of Confederate veterans met in Georgetown, Williamson County, for the first settlers and their descendants. The organizers promised "good music, plenty of food and above all a warm welcome." The event turned out to be very popular, an association of old settlers was established, and meetings began to take place every year in Roundt-Rock. Later, the association, which consists only of the descendants of those who lived in the territory of the district in 1904 and earlier, acquired its own territory. The association currently has 50 active members with a total of about 300 members. The association now plays a social and educational role and aims to promote social activities and to collect and preserve important historical information and facts. The territory of the association is rented for meetings, art exhibitions and crafts, as well as collection shows, parties, weddings and other receptions.
I-35 Motorway Effect
By the 1950s, Taylor played a key role in the district, as it was a processing center for cotton and shipping. Therefore, the proposal to carry a new I-35 motorway from Dallas to Austin through this city was not surprising. However, some local residents and government officials strongly opposed the incomprehensible "interregional" road. Among the arguments, they cited significant losses of farmland that would have to be sacrificed to pave the way for an unprecedented 90-meter wide road, noise, the division of the farm expensive and the loss of rural livelihoods. Instead, the villagers asked for improvements to the local farmer's road and a direct route to Austin.
On the other hand, Roundrock authorities saw the new highway as a great economic opportunity, and Mayor Luis Henna actively lobbied for the route through the city. In June 1956, after fifteen years of discussion on the route and financing of the highway, the issues were settled. Due to strong lobbying and not to annoy the residents of Taylor, it was decided to build a highway along the fault of the Balcones through Roundhock. Despite the protests, the "Old City" found itself west of the highway, and a new city center began to form in the east. The interstate road has gradually turned Roundhock into a viable and vibrant commercial hub. Due to the route of the new motorway, as well as the drop in demand for cotton, Taylor has turned into a regular small town, while Roundt Rock has thrived and quickly became the largest city in the district and has attracted several large retail centers and a giant like Dell . Linda Scarboro, publisher of the local newspaper Williamson County Sun, published "The Road, the River, and Politics: The way of the Texas District from the farm to the supersuburb."
By the 1990’s, Roundhock was primarily a sleeping area, most of whose residents worked in Austin, and then returned home to places like Roundhock and Georgetown, where housing and land were cheaper. In the 1990’s, Roundhock had virtually no large employers other than local traders, service providers, and pastoralists and farmers. But in the late 1990s, economic development became one of the main directions of the city and the Chamber of Commerce and Industry. Dell has relocated its headquarters to Roundhock, creating 16,000 jobs in the city. A number of other large employers also appeared in the city. Now the residents were able to find work in the city without having to travel to Austin every day.
Round Rock is 17 miles (27 km) north of Austin and 10 miles (16 km) south of Georgetown. The city is 216 meters above sea level.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the total area of the city is 89.1 km2, of which 88.4 km2 are land and 0.8 km2 are water surface.
On average, the warmest month in Roundhock is August and the coldest is January. Maximum rainfall occurs in June. The maximum recorded temperature was 44 °C in 2000 and the minimum temperature was 19 °C in 1989.
|Climate of Roundd Rock|
|Absolute maximum, °C||31||37||36||37||39||41||42||43||44||37||34||29|
|Average maximum, °C||16||18||22||26||29||33||35||36||32||27||21||16|
|Medium minimum, °C||2||4||8||13||17||21||22||22||19||13||8||3|
|Absolute minimum, °C||-14||-14||-7||-1||6||10||15||14||10||-2||-5||-19|
|Precipitation rate, mm||55.4||67.1||79.2||69.3||111.3||118.4||52.6||55.6||95.2||106.4||76.2||63.8|
According to the 2010 census, 99,887 people, 35,050 households and 25,587 families lived in the city in 2010. Race composition of the city: 70.8% are white, 9.8% are black, 0.7% are U.S. natives, 5.2% are Asians, 0.1% are Hawaii or Oceania, 9.7% are other races, 3.8% are two or more races. The number of Hispanic-speaking people of any race was 29.0%.
Of the 35,050 households, 46.0 per cent are children under the age of 18. In 55.5% of cases, married couples live in the household, 12.5% - households without men, 27.0% - households not belonging to the family. 20.8% of households are single people, 3.4% are single people over the age of 65. The average household size is 2.84 persons. The average family size is 3.32.
33.5% of the city's population is under 20 years of age, 31.2% are between 20 and 39 years of age, 30.0% are between 40 and 64 years of age, 5.4% are between 65 years of age and over. The average age is 32 years.
According to five-year surveys from 2008 to 2012, the average household income in Roundt Rock is $69,998 per year, with an average household income of $80,348. The city's per capita income is $29,695, less than the national average of $39,997. About 6.1% of households and 8.4% of the population are below the poverty line. Of this, 11.6% are under 18 years of age and 5.7% are over 65 years of age.
Management and Policy
The city is managed by a city council with a city manager. The city council consists of the mayor and six other members, each elected for three years by all the city's residents. The City Council appoints a deputy mayor annually. The city council member's position does not imply full-time work, the council meetings are held twice a month, on the second and fourth Thursday of the month. All operational issues are assigned to a hired city manager. City Council meetings are broadcast on local television.
The principal governing body of Williamson County is the five-member Commissioner Court. The chairperson is a district judge elected by all residents of the district for a term of four years. The other four members are elected in the different territories of the district, also for a term of four years.
Representatives in the legislatures of Texas and USA
Texas House of Representatives: Farney March, Celia Israel, Larry Gonzales, Tony Dale
Texas Senate: Charles Schwertner, Kirk Watson
U.S. House of Representatives: Bill Flores, John Carter
Commercial companies and economic development
RoundRock maintains a high quality of life, becoming a major economic growth hub in central Texas. The city is developing industries of clean energy, advanced production, life science, software and hardware development.
The city has more than twenty large employers, including IKEA, Emerson Electric, Dell and Sears, and Roundrock's Premium Outlet.
Roundrock is home to Dell, one of the world's largest information technology and computer companies. The headquarters in Roundhock employs about 16,000 people from the company's total staff of 96,000 people. The company, first named PC's Limited, was founded in Austin in 1984 by Michael Dell, a student at Texas University. In 1996, when the company needed expansion, Roundt-Rock's authorities offered the required space companies in exchange for half of the taxes on sales in the state. The agreement was named "Chapter 380" in honor of the part of the Vernon Charter that permitted the sharing of taxes in order to promote the economic development of the region. It was the first such agreement in central Texas and one of the first in the state. In 1999, about half of the city's revenue came from Dell taxes. The company is one of the world's largest IT companies and ranks 51st on the Fortune 1000#Fortune 500 Fortune 2013 list compiled by Fortune magazine. In 2008, the company switched its headquarters to clean energy sources, 60% of which were wind energy and the remaining 40% were gas-fired.
La Frontera is the largest commercial and business center in the city. The complex houses the offices and headquarters of some companies, about 90,000 m2 of trading premises and several multi-apartment complexes. The project also includes the Marriott Hotel, which provides rooms for large conferences, meetings and banquets, contributing to the city's importance. The street retail network is the second largest in Greater Austin.
In 2006, a new retail center was opened in the city near I-35, which includes IKEA store and Round-Roca Premium Outlet.
Roundt-Rock has a large number of health centers providing a wide range of health services. Many of the facilities are designed to serve not only Roundrock, but also the entire Williamson district and the northern part of Austin.
- In 1984, the first major hospital in the city, Roundt-Roca Hospital, was opened, later renamed the Saint Davids Medical Center. The commercial hospital is part of the St. Davids health care system.
- In 2007, the branch of Scott & White Healthcare Hospital, based in Temple, opened in the city. The complex provides a full range of hospital services, but in some cases patients are redirected to the main hospital of the system. In addition to the Roundrock hospital, the system clinics are located in Burnett, Cedar Park, Georgetown, Hatto, Liander, Pflugerville, Roundrock and Taylor.
- Another Roundt Rock Hospital, Seton Williamson, opened in February 2008. The hospital is adjacent to branches of educational institutions such as the University of Texas, Austin Public College, Texas University Medical Research Center A&M. The health center is the only level 2 trauma center in the district. There are about 130 second-tier centers in the United States. The hospital is part of a non-profit organization of the Daughters of Mercy.
- Texas University Medical Research Center A&M was opened in December 2009. The building, with an area of 23,000 m2, is the first of eighteen planned to be built. The center is located at the Lone Star Circle of Care clinic, where students are trained.
- In 2010, the Medical Nurses School of the University of Texas Medical College was opened in the city. The college also offers training in medical information management programs, medical services research, and physical education.
- US 79
- Texas 45 motorway
- Texas toll road 45
- Texas toll road 130
In November 2006, the Central Texas Regional Mobility Office opened the region's first toll road system. Both toll roads run through Roundhock, along the 45 and 130 Texas highways, which have increased the mobility of the city's residents despite protests over high fares. The 130th Texas Highway starts in Georgetown, runs east of Roundhock, providing quick access to Austin Bergstrom Airport. Behind the Austin, the track continues south until it intersects with the I-10 near Ségin, about 50 kilometers from San Antonio, thus being an alternative to the I-35.
The Texas 45 motorway is part of a ring that starts east of the 183 Texas Motorway in Cedar Park, going through the south of Roundt Roca to Pflugerville, where it connects to motorway 130. south of Austin, the motorway intersects with the southern section of highway 45 in the Buda area. Along with the toll section of State Ring Road No. 1, Motorway 45 provides unimpeded access between Roundt-Rock and Austin, bypassing the busy interstate highway I-35. These roads also lead to Dell headquarters. Roundhock played an important role in building the 45 Motorway by constantly pressuring the Transport Department to accelerate construction, help buy up the area for construction, and other early stages of the project.
Public secondary education
The Roundt-Roca Independent School District is a recognized district of the Texas Education Agency. The district is located in Travis and Williamson districts, including Roundh Rock, parts of Austin and Cedar Park. The area of the district is 110 square miles (280 km2) and includes both high-tech enterprises, commercial enterprises and suburban areas, where farms and ranches are located. Seven high schools, 11 middle schools and 34 junior schools, as well as three alternative education centers in the district, have approximately 50,000 students. On average, there are 15 students per teacher in the district, with a 9th-12th grade retention rate of 1.1%, and more than 77% of students successfully take their university exams, getting significantly better grades than students in Texas and the United States on average. One reason for the district's high performance is that it collects significantly more taxes than the national average.
- Total students (as of September 2013): 46,530
- Number of languages spoken by students: 79
- Average SAT score: 1610 (average: 1498, US average: 1437)
- Average score for ACT: 23.7 (average by staff: 20.9, US average: 20.9)
Round Rock also has a number of higher education institutions. In the 1990’s, the city, led by then-city manager Bob Bennett, Planning Director Joe Wining, and local resident Mike Swayze, designed and oversaw the creation of a branch of Texas University in Roundrock. According to the concept, the branch was conceived as a way to lure colleges and universities to co-study and to obtain a degree in both full-time and part-time education. The branch used a variety of free facilities in the city, and many of the training programs were aimed at training students to work with local companies like Dell that have special employee requirements. In 2008, thanks to the joint efforts of the University of Texas, Austin Community College and Temple College, the branch's first capital building was opened to provide a broader range of educational, specialized training opportunities, and to increase the variety of educational programs, including postgraduate programs. The branch is located in the heart of the developing complex, next to the Seton Hospital, the A&M University's scientific health center, and other medical facilities. In 2010, a new building was opened on the territory of the branch, which was occupied by the nursing school. On May 24, another building was opened to teach healthcare professions.
In December 2009, the A&M University of Texas Health Science Center opened in the city. The center territory allows to build up to 17 additional buildings. The construction will be based on the money allocated by the Texas legisil every two years.
In August 2010, the largest branch of Austin Community College opened near the University of Texas buildings. After the completion of the first phase of construction, which included the construction of 5 buildings, the complex will be able to accommodate 5,000 students.
AAA Pacific Coast Division team of the Small Baseball League is based in Round Rock, Round Rock Express. The owner of the team, RSR Sports Company, created by the son of the famous baseball player Nolan Ryan. Nolan Ryan also serves as executive advisor on the Houston Astros team. Till 2014, Texas Rangers team. Round Rock Express hosts home matches at the Dell Diamond Stadium. The stadium is owned by the city and leased to the long-term RSR Sports.
Round Rock is the self-proclaimed "Texas Sports Capital." The old settlers' town park offers professional courses in golf and cricket, a baseball complex for 20 fields, a five-field softball complex and seven soccer facilities.
Schools in the independent school district have also achieved sporting success. The Stony Point School won the 2011 and 2012 Rugby State championships, the 5A school program is the second most titled in the state.
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Movies from which scenes were filmed in Round Rock
- "The Texas Benzopil Massacre", a film produced by Towb Hooper, released in 1974, was shot at a house located in Roundt-Rock. The La Frontera business center is now located in the area of this house, and the house has been moved to Kingsland, where it serves as a hotel restaurant. Contrary to popular opinion, the film was not based on real events.
- "Just Blood" is a low-budget triller from 1984, shot in the genre of neonuar. This is the director's debut of the Cohen brothers, and the first big film by filmmaker Barry Sonnenfeld. The film's title refers to the novel "The Bloody Reap," by Deshil Hammett, where the term "just blood" refers to a tainted, frightened mentality of people after long stays in violent situations.
- Most scenes of Novichok" was shot in or near the Dell Diamond stadium.
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